86. Tan, Y.Y., Chang, W.H., Cox. M., King, K.C., Lai, A.G. 2024. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare utilisation among patients with cancer: A comprehensive phase-by-phase time-series analysis of over 7.9M attendances from nationwide GPs and hospitals across 28 primary cancers and 10 secondary cancers. Lancet Digital Health. Accepted.
 85. Li, J.D., Guttman, N., Drew, G.C., Hector, T.E., Wolinska, J., King, K.C. 2024. Warming-induced excess deaths of infected animals depend on pathogen kingdom and evolutionary history. bioRxiv.
 84. Siozios, S., Nadal-Jimenez, P., Azagi, T., Sprong, H., Frost, C.L., Parratt, S.R., Taylor, G., Brettell, L., Liew, K.C., Croft, L., King, K.C., Brockhurst, M.A., Hypša, V., Novakova, E., Darby, A.C., Hurst, G.D.D. 2024. Genome dynamics across the evolutionary transition to endosymbiosis. Current Biology. Accepted.
 83. Chen, M.Y., Fulton, L., Huang, I., Liman, A., Hossain, S., Hamilton, C., Song, S., Geissmann, Q., King, K.C., Haney, C.H. 2024. Order among chaos: high throughput MYCroplanters can distinguish interacting drivers of host infection in a highly stochastic system. bioRxiv.
 82. Silva, L.M., King, K.C., Koella, J. 2024. Dissecting transmission to understand parasite evolution. EcoevoRxiv.
 81. Greenrod, S.T.E., Stevens, E.J., Hector, T.E., Johnson, S., MacLean, R.C., King, K.C. 2024. Warming alters life history traits and competition in a phage community. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 0: e00286-24.
 80. Hoang, K.L., Salguero-Gomez, R., Pike, V., King, K.C. 2024. The impacts of host association and perturbation on symbiont fitness. Symbiosis. 
 79. Hoang, K.L.Read, T., King, K.C. 2024. Incomplete immunity in a natural animal-microbiota system selects for higher pathogen virulence. Current Biology 34, 1357-1363.*
Related Dispatch: Jarkass, H.T.E., Reineke, A.W. 2024. Pathogen evolution: protective microbes act as a double-edged sword. Current Biology 34, PR247–PR249.
 78. Hoang, K.L., Read, T., King, K.C. 2024. Defence heterogeneity in host populations gives rise to pathogen diversity. American Naturalist. In press.
 77. Li, J.D., Gao, Y.Y., Stevens, E.J., King, K.C. 2024. Dual stressors of infection and warming can destabilize host microbiomes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 379


 76. Pike, V., Stevens, E.J., Griffin, A., King, K.C. 2023. Within- and between-host dynamics of producer and non-producer pathogens. Parasitology 150, 805-812.
 75. Hasik, A., King, K.C.*, Hawlena, H.* 2023. Interspecific host competition and parasite virulence evolution. Biology Letters 19.
 74. Santiago, I., King, K.C., Drew, G.C. 2023. Interactions between insect vectors and plant pathogens span the parasitism-mutualism continuum. Biology Letters 19.
 73. King, K.C., Hall, M.D., Wolinska, J. 2023. Infectious disease ecology and evolution in a changing world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 378.
 72. Hector, T.E., Gehman, A., King, K.C. 2023. Infection burdens and virulence under heat stress: ecological and evolutionary considerations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 378.
 71. Li, J.D., Bates, K.A., Hector, T.E., Hoang, K.L., Knowles, S.C.L., King, K.C. 2023. Experimental temperatures shape host microbiome diversity and composition. Global Change Biology 29, 41-56.
 70. Bates, K.A.Neiman, M., Higgins, C., King, K.C. 2023. Turning the tide on sex and the microbiota in aquatic animals. Hydrobiologia 850, 3823-3835.


 69. Ford, S.A.*, Drew, G.C.*, King, K.C. 2022. Immune-mediated competition benefits protective microbes over pathogens in a novel host species. Heredity 129, 327-335.
 68. Hoang, K.L., King, K.C. 2022. Symbiosis: partners in crime. Current Biology 32, PR1018-R1020.
 67. Wu-Chuang, A., Bates, K.A., Obregon, D., Estrada-Peña, A., King, K.C.*, Cabezas-Cruz, A.*. 2022. Rapid evolution of a novel protective symbiont into keystone taxon in C.elegans microbiota. Scientific Reports 12, 14045. 
 66. Ordovás-Montañés, M., Preston, G., Hoang, K.L., Rafaluk-Mohr, C., King, K.C. 2022. Trade-offs in defence to pathogen species revealed in expanding nematode populations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 35, 1002-1011.
 65. Hoang, K.L., King, K.C. 2022. Symbiont-mediated immune priming in animals through an evolutionary lens. Microbiology 168.
 64. Hector, T.E.*, Hoang, K.L.*, Li, J.D., King, K.C. 2022. Symbiosis and host responses to heat. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 37, 611-624.
 63. King, K.C. 2022. Q&A. Current Biology 32, PR404-R406.
 62. Ordovás-Montañés, M., Preston, G., Drew, G.C., Rafaluk-Mohr, C., King, K.C. 2022. Reproductive consequences of transient pathogen exposure across host genotypes and generations. Ecology and Evolution 12, e8720.
 61. Drew, G.C., King, K.C. 2022. More or less? The effect of symbiont density in protective mutualisms. American Naturalist 199.
 60. Rafaluk-Mohr, C., Gerth, M., Sealey, J., Ekroth, A.K.E., Aboobaker, A.A., Kloock, A., King, K.C. 2022. Microbial protection favours parasite tolerance and alters host-parasite coevolutionary dynamics. Current Biology 32, P1593-P1598.*
* Related Dispatch: Brockhurst, M.A. 2022. Host-parasite coevolution: backseat drivers take the wheel at the Red Queen’s race. Current Biology 32, PR316-PR317.


 59. Gomez-Chamorro, A., Hodzik, A., King, K.C.*, Cabezas-Cruz, A.* 2021. An ecological and evolutionary perspective on coinfections in ticks. Current Research in Parasitology and Vector-borne Diseases 1, 100049.
 58. Bates, K.A., King, K.C. 2021. Microbe of the month: Leucobacter. Trends in Microbiology 29, P1046-1047.
 57. Bates, K.A., Bolton, J.S., King, K.C. 2021. A globally ubiquitous symbiont can drive experimental host evolution. Molecular Ecology 30, 3882-3892.
 56. Drew, G.C.*, Stevens, E.*, King, K.C. 2021. Microbial evolution and transitions along the parasite-mutualist continuum. Nature Reviews Microbiology 19.
 55. Ekroth, A.K.E., Gerth, M., Stevens, E., Ford, S.A., King, K.C. 2021. Host genotype and genetic diversity shape the evolution of a novel bacterial pathogen. The ISME Journal 15, 2146–2157.
 54. Marcogliese, D.J., King, K.C., Bates, K.A. 2021. Effects of multiple stressors on northern leopard frogs in agricultural wetlands. Parasitology 148, 827-834.
 53. Stevens, E., Bates, K.A., King, K.C. 2021. Host microbiota can facilitate pathogen infection. PloS Pathogens 17, e1009514.
 52. Ford, S.A., King, K.C. 2021. In vivo microbial coevolution favours host-protection and plastic downregulation of immunity. Molecular Biology and Evolution 38, 1330-1338.
 51. Bankers, L.*, Dahan, D.*, Neiman, M., Tucci, C.A., Frost, C.L., Hurst, G.D.D., King, K.C. 2021. Invasive freshwater snails form novel microbial relationships. Evolutionary Applications 14, 770-780.


 50. King, K.C., Hurst, G.D.D., Lewis, Z. 2020. Let’s emerge from the pandemic lock-down into a fairer academic world. Current Biology 30, R799.
 49. Kloock, A., Bonsall, M.B., King, K.C. 2020. Evolution and maintenance of microbe-mediated protection under occasional pathogen infection. Ecology and Evolution 10, 8634-8642.
 48. Dahan, D., Preston, G., Sealey, J., King, K.C. 2020. The impact of a novel defensive symbiosis on the nematode host microbiome. BMC Microbiology 20, 159.
 47. King, K.C., Stevens, E., Drew, G.C. 2020. Microbiome: evolution in a world of interaction. Current Biology 30, R265-267.
 46. Frost, C.L., Siozios, S., Nadal-Jimenez, P., Brockhurst, M., King, K.C., Darby, A., Hurst, G.D.D. 2020. Hypercomplex genome of an insect reproductive parasite highlights the importance of lateral gene transfer in symbiont biology. mBio 11, e02590-19.
  45. Hall, A., Ashby, B., Bascompte, J., King, K.C. 2020. Measuring coevolutionary dynamics in species rich communities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 35, 539-550.


 44. Pike, V., Ford, S. A., King, K. C.Rafaluk-Mohr, C. 2019. Fecundity compensation is dependent on the host generalised stress response in Caenorhabditis elegans. Ecology and Evolution 9, 11957-11961.
 43. Ekroth, A.K.E., Rafaluk-Mohr, C., King, K.C. 2019. Host genetic diversity limits parasite success beyond agricultural systems: a meta-analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286.
 42. Pike, V., Lythgoe, K., King, K.C. 2019. On the diverse and opposing effects of nutrition on pathogen virulence. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286.
 41. Meirmans, S., Butlin, R., Charmantier, A., Engelstaedter, J., Groot, A., King, K.C., Kokko, H., Reid, J., Neiman, M. 2019. Science policies: how should science funding be allocated? An evolutionary biologists perspective. 2019. Journal for Evolutionary Biology 32, 754-768.
 40. King, K.C. 2019. Quick Guide: Defensive Symbionts. Current Biology 29, R78-R80.


 39. Rafaluk-Mohr, C., Ashby, B., Dahan, D., King, K.C. 2018. Mutual fitness benefits arise during coevolution in a nematode-defensive microbe model. Evolution Letters 2, 246-256.
 38. Betts, A., Gray, C., Zelek, M., Maclean, R.C.*, King, K.C.* 2018. High parasite diversity accelerates host adaptation and diversification. Science 360, 907-911.
 37. Decaestecker, E., King, K.C. 2018. Red Queen Dynamics. Elsevier Encyclopedia of Ecology.


 36. Ashby, B., King, K.C. 2017. Friendly foes: the evolution of host protection by a parasite. Evolution Letters 1, 211-221.
 35. King, K.C., Bonsall, M.B. 2017. The evolutionary and coevolutionary consequences of defensive microbes for host-parasite interactions. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17, 190.
 34. Reznick, D.N., King, K.C. 2017. Antibiotic resistance: evolution without trade-offs. Nature Ecology and Evolution 1, 0066.
 33. Ford, S.A., Williams, D., Paterson, S., King, K.C. 2017. Coevolutionary dynamics between defensive microbes and pathogens driven by fluctuating selection. Molecular Ecology 26, 1778-1789.


 32. Ford, S.A., Kao, D., Williams, D., King, K.C. 2016. Microbe-mediated host defence drives the evolution of reduced pathogen virulence. Nature Communications 7, 13430.
 31. Betts, A., Rafaluk, C., King, K.C. 2016. Host and parasite evolution in a Tangled Bank. Trends in Parasitology 32, 863-873.
 30. Tackacs-Vesbach, C., King, K.C., Van Horn, D., Larkin, K., Neiman, M. 2016. Distinct microbiomes in sexual vs. asexual Potamopyrgus antipodarum, a New Zealand freshwater snail. PLoS One 11, e0161050.
 29. Parratt, S.R., Frost, C.L., Schenkel, M.A., Rice, A., Hurst, G.D.D.*, King, K.C.* 2016. Superparasitism drives heritable symbiont epidemiology and host sex ratio in a wasp. PLoS Pathogens 12, e1005629.
 28. Ford, S.A., King, K.C. 2016.Harnessing the power of defensive microbes: evolutionary implications in nature and disease control. PLoS Pathogens 12, e1005465.
 27. Vale, P.F., McNally, L., Doeschl-Wilson, A., King, K.C., Popat, R., Domingo-Sananes, M.R., Allen, J.E., Soares, M.P., Kummerli, R. 2016. Beyond killing: can we find new ways to manage infection? Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health 1, eow012.
 26. Betts, A., Gifford, D., MacLean, R.C., King, K.C. 2016. Parasite diversity drives rapid host dynamics and evolution of resistance in a bacteria-phage system. Evolution 70, 969-978.
 25. King, K.C., Brockhurst, M.A., Vasieva, O., Paterson, S., Betts, A., Ford, S.A., Frost, C.L., Horsburgh, M., Haldenby, S., Hurst, G.D.D. 2016. Rapid evolution of microbe-mediated protection against pathogens in a worm host. The ISME Journal 10, 1915–1924.


 24. Ashby, B., King, K.C. 2015. Diversity and the maintenance of sex by parasites. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28, 511-520.
 23. King, K.C.*, Stelkens, R.*, Webster, J.*, Smith, D., Brockhurst, M.A. 2015. Hybridisation in parasites: consequences for adaptive evolution, pathogenesis, and public health in a changing world. PLoS Pathogens 11, e1005098.
 22. Daoust, S., King, K.C., Roitberg, B., Roche, B., Brodeur, J., Thomas, F. 2015. Making the best of a bad situation: host partial resistance and by-pass to behaviour manipulation by parasites? Trends in Parasitology 31, 413-418.
 21. Ducasse, H., Arnal, A., Vittecoq, M., Daoust, S.P., Ujvari, B., Jacqueline, C., Ewald, P., Gatenby, R.A., King, K.C., Bonhomme, F., Brodeur, J., Renaud, F., Solary, E., Roche, B., Thomas, F. 2015. Cancer: an emergent property of disturbed resource rich environments? Ecology meets personalized medicine. Evolutionary Applications 8, 527-540.


 20. Brockhurst, M.A., Chapman, T., King, K.C., Mank, J., Paterson, S., Hurst, G.D.D. 2014. Running with the Red Queen: role of biotic conflicts in evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281.
 19. Soper, D., King, K.C., Vergara, D., Lively, C.M. 2014. Parasite exposure increases promiscuity in a freshwater snail. Biology Letters 10, 2013191.


 18. Vergara, D., Lively, C.M., King, K.C., Jokela, J. 2013. Geographic mosaic of sex and infection in lake populations of a New Zealand snail at multiple spatial scales. American Naturalist 182, 484-493.
 17. King, K.C., Auld, S.K.J.R., Wilson, P., James, J., Little, T.J. 2013. The bacterial parasite Pasteuria ramosa is not killed if it fails to infect: implications for coevolution. Ecology and Evolution 3, 197-203.


 16. Brockhurst, M.A., King, K.C. 2012. Coevolution. Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. Eds. Gibson, D. New York: Oxford University Press.
 15. King, K.C., Lively, C.M. 2012. Can genetic diversity limit disease spread in host populations? Heredity 109, 199-203.
 14. King, K.C., Seppälä, O., Neiman, M. 2012. Is more better? Polyploidy and parasite resistance. Biology Letters 8, 598-600.
 13. Leung, T.L.F., King, K.C., Wolinska, J. 2012. Escape from the Red Queen: an overlooked scenario in co-evolutionary studies. Oikos 121, 641-645.


 12. King, K.C., Delph, L.F., Jokela, J., Lively, C.M. 2011. Coevolutionary hotspots and coldspots for host sex and parasite local adaptation in a snail-trematode interaction. Oikos 120, 1335-1340.
 11. King, K.C., Jokela, J., Lively, C.M. 2011. Parasites, sex, and clonal diversity in natural snail populations. Evolution 65, 1474-1481.
 10. King, K.C., Jokela, J., Lively, C.M. 2011. Trematode parasites infect or die in snail hosts. Biology Letters 7, 265-268.


 9. King, K.C., Hurst, G.D.D. 2010. Losing the desire: selection can promote obligate asexuality. BMC Biology 8, 101-104.
 8. King, K.C., McLaughlin, J.D., Boily, M., Marcogliese, D.J. 2010. Effects of agricultural landscape and pesticides on parasitism in native bullfrogs. Biological Conservation 143, 302-310.


 7. King, K.C., Delph, L.F., Jokela, J., Lively, C.M. 2009. The geographic mosaic of sex and the Red Queen. Current Biology 19, 1438-1441.
 6. King, K.C., Lively, C.M. 2009. Geographic variation in sterilizing parasite species and the Red Queen. Oikos 118, 1416-1420.
 5. Wolinska, J., King, K.C. 2009. Environment alters selection in host-parasite interactions. Trends in Parasitology 25, 236-244.
 4. Marcogliese, D.J., King, K.C., Salo, H., Fournier, M., Brousseau, P., Spear, P., Champoux, L., McLaughlin, J.D., Boily, M. 2009. Interactions between agriculture and parasitism: effects on biomarkers in the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana. Aquatic Toxicology 91, 126-134.


 3. Wolinska, J., King, K.C., Vigneux, F., Lively, C.M. 2008. Virulence, cultivating conditions, and phylogenetic analyses of oomycete parasites in Daphnia. Parasitology 135, 1667-1678.
 2. King, K.C., Gendron, A.D., McLaughlin, J.D., Giroux, I., Brousseau, P., Cyr, D., Ruby, S.M., Fournier, M., Marcogliese, D.J. 2008. Short-term seasonal changes in parasite community structure in northern leopard froglets (Rana pipiens) inhabiting agricultural wetlands. Journal of Parasitology 94, 13-22.


 1. King, K.C., McLaughlin, J.D., Gendron, A.D., Pauli, B.D., Giroux, I., Rondeau, B., Boily, M., Juneau, P., Marcogliese, D.J. 2007. Impacts of agriculture on the parasite communities of northern leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) in southern Quebec, Canada. Parasitology 134, 2063-2080.