I was recently brought on as a regular contributor to the impressive blog at The Molecular Ecologist. This is a great motivation for me to write more and try really hard to have insightful thoughts. Here is the the introduction to all the new contributors, and here is my very first post, near and dear to my heart, about hybridization and invasive species.
After wrapping up my NSF Postdoctoral Fellowship in Biology at Colorado State University, I have a recently moved to the Biology Department at Penn State, to the labs of Jesse Lasky and PJ Perry, for an Eberly Research postdoctoral fellowship. This fellowship is awesome because it lets me have the freedom to continue building and expanding on my Chorispora work. I have been warmly welcomed to my new academic home, and I think this is going to be really great, ya’ll!
If you’re in the neighborhood, come see my seminar on November 27, 2017.
The final chapter of my dissertation is now in press with, very fittingly, Biological Invasions. But don’t worry, I’m not done with knapweed yet! Here is the readcube version of the paper, if you’d like to check it out: http://rdcu.be/mivG
Gene expression and drought response in an invasive thistle
Turner, Nurkowski, Rieseberg
Plain text summary:
Evidence is piling up for rapid evolution in invasive species. But less is known about the genetic mechanisms underlying the observed differences between individuals from the native and invaded ranges.One possibility is that invasive individuals become more generalist and perform well in many environments.Understanding the molecular changes associated with successful invasions may help us understand how a species is able to successfully invade. Here we use gene expression data to ask, 1) How has gene expression changed in invasive diffuse knapweed (Centaurea diffusa) since its introduction to North America? 2) How do native and invasive individuals react to drought? These data suggest that invasive populations have higher levels of expression relating to energy production and lower levels of signal transduction expression relative to native populations. In response to drought, invasive populations maintain energy production and react less strongly than native populations. This may allow them to more successfully “ride out” moderate changes in water availability and keep producing more biomass and offspring than their native relatives.
Hello friends! It’s still a work in progress, but you can check out my new Chorispora and ancient DNA website here. How does a species change over the course of an invasion? Let’s just take a little look…
Thanks to a grant from microMORPH Research Coordination Network, I’ve come to Germany for a month, to the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen, to learn a whole bunch of brand new things from all the really smart and, dare I say, hardcore, scientists here. With the great help of my collaborators, I’ll be treading into new floral and fruit developmental biology waters. It turns out one of my weeds, Chorispora tenella, is a bit of a beautiful weirdo among the Mustard family (Brassicaceae). I am also learning how the most precious historical samples are handled for genomic analyses, much of which I will apply to my own historic samples of Chorispora. Hint: clean rooms and bunny suits are involved.
Biological invasions of non-native plant species present compelling motivation to understand how human-induced changes in the environment and species distributions influence ecological and evolutionary processes. Their documented geographic spread across time makes them ideal for study using historic collections, allowing better insight into evolutionary change over short time scales. Applying advanced genomic approaches to historic samples is key to understanding the processes that allow plants to rapidly establish and adapt to new environments. Theory predicts that dramatic ecological and evolutionary changes affect invasive species soon upon arrival in a new habitat. Yet current research relies on sampling contemporary populations, and therefore reveals little about the initial stages of invasion. The fellowship research is a study of the history of an invasive weed by exploiting an untapped historical resource to observe “snapshots” of the initial stages of invasion and the genetic changes that occur as a plant species spreads. It involves sampling genetic material from dried plant specimens collected throughout the course of an invasion, from herbarium collections across North America, including the New York Botanical Garden, the University of Kansas, the California Academy of Sciences, the University of British Columbia, Colorado State University, and others. I will use techniques for ancient DNA originally developed to study long extinct organisms such as mammoths and Neanderthals to study evolution over the course of the 100 year invasion of North America by crossflower (Chorispora tenella, Brassicaceae), a widespread and governmentally listed noxious invasive weed.