Lepidoptera and Associated Orders
of British Columbia

G.G.E. Scudder and R.A. Cannings

Site launched April 24, 2007
E-mail comments to L. Lucas at lucas@zoology.ubc.ca

Funding provided by Forest Science Program 2006-2007
web site design by Launi Lucas
Copyright © 2007 - All rights reserved

The Lepidoptera and Associated Orders of British Columbia is part of a larger work on
The Families of Insects of British Columbia, and will be incorporated into a single web site at a future date.


This final contribution to the families of insects in British Columbia, considers the remaining Orders of the Endopterygota. Those considered do not form a single natural group within the currently recognized phylogenetic classification of the extant insects (Kristensen 1991). However, included are the Section Neuropterida (= Neuropteroid Orders) namely the Orders Megaloptera (dobsonflies and alderflies), Raphidioptera (snakeflies), Neuroptera (lacewings and allies) and part of the Section Mecopterida (= Panorpoid Orders), namely the Orders Mecoptera (scorpionflies), Siphonaptera (fleas) and Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). We also include the Order Strepsiptera (stylops), the affinities of which remain enigmatic.

Links for figures in each family illustrate a representative species within the family.


Kristensen, N.P. 1991. Phylogeny of Extant Hexapods, pp. 125-140 (in) The Insects of Australia, Second Edition, Volume 1. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.


Funding for this research was provided by the Forest Science Program. I would like to thank Drs. Jean-François Landry and Don Lafontaine through the Canacol Foundation for their help with taxonomic information and facilitating the obtaining of photographs. I would also like to thank Veronica Bura for providing photographs for the majority of the lepidoptera families. Thanks also goes to Dr. Robert Cannings and Baldo Villegas for supplying additional photographs for this website. Dr. Jan Klimaszewski kindly provided his illustration of the Neuroptera Hemerobius humulinus, and I thank him for that. Lastly, I wish to thank Launi Lucas for designing the web site and providing illustrations and formatting photographs and text for our research.


Megaloptera (Dobsonflies and Alderflies)

Raphidioptera (Snakeflies)

Neuroptera (Lacewings and Ant-lions)

Mecoptera (Scorpionflies)

Siphonaptera (Fleas)

Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)

Strepsiptera (Twisted-wing Parasites)

Current Checklists (Megaloptera, Raphidioptera, Neuroptera, Strepsiptera, Mecoptera, Siphonaptera, Lepidoptera)

Table 1. Figure details

Link to FETCH21 (Forestry Entomology Textbook Challenge for the 21st Century)

Link to FORREX (Forestry Research Extension Partnership)