Lepidoptera and Associated Orders
of British Columbia
Scudder and R.A. Cannings
Site launched April 24,
E-mail comments to L. Lucas at email@example.com
provided by Forest Science Program 2006-2007
web site design
by Launi Lucas
Copyright © 2007 - All rights reserved
The Lepidoptera and Associated Orders of British
Columbia is part of a larger work on
The Families of Insects of British Columbia, and will be incorporated into a
single web site at a future date.
final contribution to the families of insects in British
Columbia, considers the remaining Orders of the Endopterygota.
Those considered do not form a single natural group within the currently recognized
phylogenetic classification of the extant insects (Kristensen 1991). However,
included are the Section Neuropterida (= Neuropteroid Orders) namely the Orders
Megaloptera (dobsonflies and alderflies), Raphidioptera (snakeflies), Neuroptera
(lacewings and allies) and part of the Section Mecopterida (= Panorpoid Orders),
namely the Orders Mecoptera (scorpionflies), Siphonaptera (fleas) and Lepidoptera
(moths and butterflies). We also include the Order Strepsiptera (stylops), the
affinities of which remain enigmatic.
for figures in each family illustrate a representative species within the family.
N.P. 1991. Phylogeny of Extant Hexapods, pp. 125-140 (in) The
Insects of Australia, Second
Edition, Volume 1. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
Funding for this research was provided by the Forest Science Program.
I would like to thank Drs. Jean-François Landry and Don Lafontaine through
the Canacol Foundation for their help with taxonomic information and facilitating
the obtaining of photographs. I would also like to thank Veronica Bura for providing
photographs for the majority of the lepidoptera families. Thanks also goes to
Dr. Robert Cannings and Baldo Villegas for supplying additional photographs
for this website. Dr. Jan Klimaszewski kindly provided his illustration of the
Neuroptera Hemerobius humulinus, and I thank him for that. Lastly, I
wish to thank Launi Lucas for designing the web site and providing illustrations
and formatting photographs and text for our research.
(Forestry Entomology Textbook Challenge for the 21st Century)
FORREX (Forestry Research