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  1. Millen, S. V 2006. A new species of Adalaria (Nudibranchia: Onchidorididae) from the Northeastern Pacific. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57(8):357-364
  2. Millen, S. V., & J. C. Hamann 2006. A new nudibranch species, genus Flabellina (Opisthobranchia: Aeolidacea) from the Caribbean with redescriptions of F. verta (Marcus 1970), and F. dushia (Marcus and Marcus, 1963). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57(25-38):925-936
  3. Millen, Sandra V 2006. Notes on Flabellina dana Millen and Hamann, 2006 from the Caribbean. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (58:1-12): 241
  4. Millen, S.V. & A. Martynov 2005. Redescriptions of the nudibranch genera Akiodoris Bergh, 1879 and Armodoris Minichev, 1972 (Suborder Doridacea), with a new species of Akiodoris and a new family Akiodorididae. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. 56(1): 1-22
  5. Millen, S.V. & H. Bertsch 2005. Two new species of porostome nudibranchs (Family Dendrodorididae) from the coasts of California (USA) and Baja California (Mexico). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 56(18): 189-199


Sandra Millen

Retired - Senior Instructor

Research area: Ecology, Evolution
History: BSc - University of Victoria
MSc - Simon Fraser University

In the field of systmatics, I have described 19 new species of nudibranchs from many parts of the world (9 from local waters; 2 from the Caribbean; 7 from the Pacific coast of Mexico and 1 from Pacific South America). Most of the animals have been discovered using SCUBA and micro - dissected with SEM photographs of their anatomy.

Biodiversity and Ecology have always been my interest and I have studied and compared species groups along the entire Pacific from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, Chile.

Computer generated cladograms, using PAUP and MaClade have assisted me in untangling the relationships of genera and species.

Currently I am describing several new species from B.C., Mexico and Chile.

Last updated 3 October 2012